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FREE TITANIC
FLASHING PIN
FREE TITANIC
FLASHING PIN

Titanic Facts

Titanic Chronology

1) April 30, 1907 (Tuesday): An idea is born
a. Where: The Pirrie Mansion
b. Who: Lord Pirrie, chairman of the Harland & Wolff shipbuilders and J. Bruce Ismay, director of the White Star Line
c. What: Hatched a plan to build 3 huge ships Olympic, Titanic, and Gigantic.
d. Why: To compete against their competitors, The Cunard Line, who had built the Lusitania and the Mauritania.

2) March 31, 1909 (Wednesday): The keel is laid
a. Where: Harland & Wolff shipyards in Belfast, Ireland
b. Who: Irish Shipyard workers
c. Details: Worked from 7:30am to 5:30pm five days a week, plus a half day on Saturdays. 2 unpaid days off at both Christmas and Easter. 1 unpaid week of in July.
d. Earnings: Average wage at the time was about £2 ($10) a week.

3) May 31, 1911 (Wednesday) at 12:15pm: The Titanic is launched!
a. More than 100,000 people present
b. 22 tons (20t.) of grease (tallow, soap, and train oil) were used to help Titanic slide down the slipway
c. Titanic was not christened with champagne bottle

4) March 31, 1912 (Sunday): Outfitting of the Titanic is complete
a. 29 Boilers, engines, and the turbines were installed first
b. 5,892 tons (5,344 t.) of coal
c. Over 200 miles (322km) of electric cable
d. About 2,00 portholes
e. Over 3,000,000 rivets used
f. 20 lifeboats, 4 of which had collapsible canvas sides

5) April 2, 1912 (Tuesday): Titanic Sea Trials
a. Engines were started
b. Crew practiced port and starboard turns, stopping, turning a full circle, and running at different speeds
c. Captain E. J. Smith and his officers participated
d. Trials took less than a day!

6) April 2, 1912 (Tuesday) at 8:00pm: Headed for Southampton
a. Where: southwest of London, along the River Test which flows into the English Channel
b. Why: Easy for passengers to get there from London

7) April 4, 1912 (Thursday) shortly after midnight: Arrival in Southampton
a. Where: Berth 44 at the White Star Dock
b. How far from Belfast: 570 miles (917km)

8) April 10, 1912 (Wednesday): Passengers begin to board
a. 5:18am Crew begins to arrive (All Officers, except for Captain, have spent the night onboard
b. 6:00 Thomas Andrews, the ship’s builder, arrives
c. 7:00am Captain arrives (was due to retire after Titanic’s maiden voyage)
d. 9:30am J. Bruce Ismay arrives

9) April 10, 1912 at Noon: Underway! Leaves for Cherbourg, France
a. Bad Omens:
i. Near collision between the Titanic and the New York
ii. Fire was still burning in coal bunker in boiler room No. 5

10) April 10, 1912 at 6:30pm: Titanic arrives in Cherbourg, France
a. Docks not large enough, Titanic had to drop anchor in harbor
b. 2 specially built tenders (Nomadic and Traffic) carried new passengers , luggage, and mail out to the Titanic

11) April 10, 1912 at 8:10pm: Titanic leaves for Queenstown, Ireland
a. Passengers were served breakfast

12) April 11, 1912 (Thursday) 11:30am: Titanic arrives in Queenstown, Ireland
a. Docks not large enough, Titanic had to drop anchor 2 miles (3km) offshore
b. 2 tenders (America and Ireland) carried new passengers, luggage, mail, reporters, and immigration officers out to the Titanic

13) April 11, 1912 at 1:40pm: Titanic leaves for New York City

14) April 12, 1912 (Friday): First Warnings
a. Several eastbound ships congratulate Titanic on Maiden Voyage
b. They also mentioned that ice was in the sea-lanes.
c. How: Marconi wireless operators sent and received messages in Morse Code
d. What did Captain do: Steered farther south

15) April 14, 1912 (Sunday) More Iceberg warnings
a. 9:00am: eastbound liner Caronia reports, “bergs, growlers and field ice in Lattitude 42o N, from Longitude 49o to 51 W.
b. 11:40am: the Dutch liner Noordam reported “much ice” in roughly the same place
c. 1:42pm: the White Star Liner Baltic reported icebergs and field ice about 250 miles (400km) in front of the Titanic.
d. 1:45pm: the German liner Amerika reported that it had passed 2 large icebergs
e. 7:30pm: the Californian reports 3 large icebergs. Message was never posted or passed on to Captain Smith.
f. 9:30pm: the steamer Mesaba warns of heavy pack ice and large icebergs
g. 10:00pm: watches relieved:
i. Second Officer Lightoller relieved by First Officer Murdoch
ii. Lookouts Archie Jewell and George Symons relieved by Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee
iii. Told to watch out for small ice and growlers

16) April 14, 1912 at 11:39: Lookout sees the iceberg
a. Warning bell rings 3 times
b. Telephoned bridge with, “Iceberg, right ahead!”
i. “Stop! Full speed astern!” was ordered by First Officer Murdoch to the Engine Room
ii. “Hard a’starboard!” was ordered to Quartemaster Robert Hichens

17) April 14, 1912 at 11:40: Moment of impact Latitude 41 degrees 46'N, Longitude 50 degrees 14'W
a. 37 seconds after warning to the bridge
b. Eyewitness reported iceberg just over 60 feet (18m) high

18) April 15, 1912 at 12:05am (Monday): Captain orders Chief Officer Wilde to uncover the Lifeboats

19) April 15, 1912 at 12:10am: First distress signal sent
a. CQD,MGY, SOS
i. CQD - Old Morse Code Distress signal (Seek-You-Distress, Come Quick, Distress! - Come Quick, Disaster! - Come Quick, Danger!)
ii. MGY - RMS Titanic’s call letters (does not stand for anything
iii. SOS - New Morse Code distress signal (Titanc was one of the first ships to use this new code)
b. WHO Responded:
i. The Olympic
ii. The Frankfurt
iii. The Carpathia (Closest at 58 miles (93km)

20) April 15, 1912 at 12:25am: Order was given to put “women and children” into lifeboats

21) April 15, 1912 at 12:45am: Lifeboat No. 7 was first to be lowered
a. Filled with only 19 people, eventhough it could hold 65!
b. Movie star Dorothy Gibson and two honeymoon couples were onboard

22) April 15, 1912 at 12:55am: First rockets were fired

23) April 15, 1912 at 12:55am – 2:20am: Launching the Lifeboats:

Time Launched
Lifeboat No.
No. of Occupants
Actual Capacity
12:55am 5 41 65
12:55am 6 28 65
1:00am 3 32 65
1:10am 1 12 40
1:10am 8 28 65
1:25am 14 60 65
1:25am 16 50 65
1:30am 9 56 65
1:30am 12 40 65
1:35am 11 70 65
1:40am 13 64 65
1:40am 15 70 65
1:45am 2 25 40
1:50am 4 40 65
2:00am C 42 47
2:05am D 40 47
2:20am A 13 47
2:20am B 30 47

24) April 15, 1912 at 1:40am: Last rockets fired (total of eight)

25) April 15, 1912 at 1:45am: Last message to Carpathia
a. “Engine room full up to boilers.”

26) April 15, 1912 at 2:05am : Captain Smith releases Wireless Operators Phillips and Bride
a. He said, “You can do no more. Now it’s every man for himself”
b. They kept working.
c. Faint distress message was heard by the Virginian at around 2:17

27) April 15, 1912 at 2:20am: Titanic disappears beneath the sea

28) April 15, 1912 at 3:30am: The Carpathia's rockets are spotted by the first lifeboats.

29) April 15, 1912 at 4:10am: Lifeboat No.2 is the first boat to be picked up by the Carpathia

30) April 15, 1912 at 8:30am The last lifeboat, No.12, is picked up.

31) April 15, 1912 at 8:50am The Carpathia, loaded with 705 survivors, heads for New York.

32) April 18, 1912 (Thursday): The Carpathia arrives in New York with the survivors.
a. Reporters are so eager to interview the survivors that some charter boats to sail alongside her, shouting questions through megaphones.

33) April 19 1912 (Friday) – May 25 (Saturday): The American Inquiry
a. Californian Officer Gibson sells his story to the press, which details how officers aboard the Californian saw several rockets and told Captain Stanley Lord, who took no prompt action. Several officers deny this, but the press blames Captain Lord for the disaster.

34) April 22nd The S.S. Mackay Bennett is sent from New York to recover the last of the bodies. 328 corpses are recovered by 15 May.

35) May 2, 1912 – July 3, 1912: The British Inquiry

FACTS:

Dimensions and Statistics:
• Length - 882 feet 6 inches.
• Beam - 92 feet 6 inches.
• Draft - 34 feet 6 inches.
• Height - 175 feet from keel to stack (the boat deck was 60 feet above the waterline).
• Decks - 9 total, A through G with the boilers below.
• Weight - 46,328 Registered Tons.
• Hull Construction - 1 inch thick plate steel held together with over 3 million steel rivets.
• Power plant - 29 coil stoked boilers, each 3 stories high. The boilers used 3 of the stacks for exhaust, the fourth was used to vent Titanics' numerous kitchens and galleys. The stacks were 22 feet wide and 62 feet high.
• Engines - 2 reciprocating 4 cylinder direct drive inverted steam engines delivering 30,000 HP at 75 RPM for the 2 outside propellers, and 1 low pressure Parsons Turbine delivering 16,000 HP at 165 RPM for the center propeller. The Parsons was powered by excess steam from the other 2 engines. Titanic used 825 tons of coal every day.
• 3 propellers - 2 outside with 3 10' blades (23' diameter swing) and one center with 4 6' blades (16' diameter swing).
• Anchors - 2, each weighing 15 tons.
• Top Speed - 24 knots at 75 RPM.
• Passengers - Fully Loaded: 739 First Class, 674 Second Class, and 1,026 Third Class (Steerage) April 14th: 329 First Class, 285 Second Class, and 710 Third Class (Steerage).
• Crew – 892 / Officers (not including Captain) - 7
• Life boats - 2 Emergency Lifeboats (40 persons), 14 wooden lifeboats (65 persons) and 4 Engelhardt Collapsible (49 persons) - Total capacity 1,186 persons or 35.5% of total ships full compliment.
• Passenger Flotation - 3,560 life belts and 48 ringbouys.
• Cost - $7.5 million (1912 U.S. Dollars, $400 million today).

Safety Features:

• 5 kilowatt Marconi Wireless Radio (just invented 11 years earlier) - transmitting range 500 miles.
• 4 400 watt electric generators producing 16,000 amps at 100 volts.
• 15 watertight bulkheads, each sealed by electric powered doors, also equipped with electric water sensors and controlled by switches on the bridge. In the event electricity failed, the doors could be closed manually by pulling a pin and letting gravity close the door.
• 2 bilge keels amidships, 296 feet long that projected 25 inches from the sides of the hull to help prevent a rolling motion at sea.
• Electric lights and heaters in every room (over 10,000 light bulbs).
• 50 telephone swi tchboard.

Luxuries and Accommodations:

• 28 fully decorated First Class Suites.
• Heated swimming pool.
• 4 electric elevators ( 3 in First Class and 1 in Second Class).
• Indoor squash court on F Deck.
• Indoor toilets.
• 2 libraries.
• 4 restaurants.
• 3 galleys.
• 2 musical ensembles (a quintet for First Class Lounge and a trio for the a-la carte reception room).
• Fully equipped gymnasium.
• 2 barber shops.
• a fully equipped darkroom.
• a fully staffed medical bay with 2 physicians and an operating room.
• Titanic used 14,000 gallons of drinking water each day.

Galley Supplies:

• 57,600 crockery items (pots, pans, baking sheets)
• 29,000 pieces of glassware
• 44,000 pieces of cutlery
• 75,000 lb. fresh meat
• 11,000 lb. fresh fish
• 4,000 lb. salted and dried fish
• 7,500 lb. bacon and ham
• 25,000 lb. poultry
• 40,000 fresh eggs
• 2,500 lb. sausage
• 40 tons potatoes
• 3,500 lb. onions
• 800 bundles fresh asparagus
• 3,500 lb. tomatoes
• 2,500 lb.. green peas
• 7,000 heads lettuce
• 1,000 loaves of bread
• 2,200 lb. ground coffee
• 800 lb. tea
• 10,000 lb. rice and dried beans
• 10,000 lb. sugar
• 250 barrels flour
• 10,000 lb. cereal
• 36,000 apples
• 36,000 oranges
• 16,000 lemons
• 1,000 lb. grapes
• 13,000 grapefruit
• 1,120 lb. jam and marmalade
• 1,500 gallons fresh milk
• 1,200 quarts ice cream
• 600 gallons condensed milk
• 6,000 lb. butter
• 15,000 bottles of ale (beer)
• 1,000 bottles wine
• 850 bottles liquor
• 8,000 complimentary cigars

Survivor Rates:

Passengers Women and
Children Men Total
First Class 94% 31% 60%
Second Class 81% 10% 44%
Third Class 47% 14% 25%
Crew 87% 22% 24%
Total Survivability: 31.6%
Total Possible Survivability: 53.4% (with all lifeboats filled to capacity)

Reference:

By Hugh Brewster and Laurie Coulter © 1998 from 882 1/2 Amazing Answers To Your Questions About The Titanic, A Scholastic Inc./ Madison Press Book.

 
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